Terrapin Stationers has been making engraved stationary, note cards and letters for over 105 years. In 2014 they relocated from Manhattan to New Haven, Connecticut. Today, Harrington estimates they make 100,000 sets of business cards a year. It’s a number, he admits, that isn’t tremendous. But the business cards Terrapin makes are what Harrington calls luxury — for the “one percent of the one percent.”
In the back room of Terrapin’s manufacturing facility, Harrington empties a box of business cards on the table. He explains that when somebody is handed a business card, and even before reading it, the first thing that person does is feel it. They feel its weight, size and, most importantly, the different processes that went into making the card, of which there are three: traditional offset printed, engraved or blind embossed, and letterpress.
An offset printed (also known as lithographed) business card is flat printed and doesn’t leave any impression on the card’s back. “It’s probably the most budget-friendly business card,” says Harrington. “They’re great for companies who are ordering a ton of business cards.” They’re simple, but when printed on a good card stock, Harrington says they make beautiful, clean cards.
An engraved business card has raised type. They’re made when a negative copper plate, which is etched and coated with ink, then stamped down on top of the business card, leaving a positive impression. The process, which has been around since the medieval era, involves meticulously hand etching typesets into copper plates.
But in the past 25 years, technology has brought about photo engraving, which has made engraving decidedly easier. “We’re able to just etch type into a copper plate in an acid bath,” says Harrington. “It’s made our life a lot easier. We can turn around business cards that used to take six weeks in six days.”
Engraved and blind-embossed business cards are made the same way, but blind embossing doesn’t use ink. Both types of cards leave an impression (or “bruise”) on the back of the card. More of a refined taste, Harrington says engraved business cards are appropriate for investment bankers, attorneys, architects and designers. They’re also commonly carried by luxury hotels and watchmakers.
Letterpress is the exact opposite of engraving. They use a positive magnesium plate to imprint into the paper, so the font is recessed or debossed. Cards can be printed on both sides, without leaving an impression on the other side. Harrington says he makes a lot of letterpress cards for younger people and younger brands.
But designing a business card isn’t as simple as choosing between letterpress, engraved and offset. Many of today’s cards combine a number of these processes into one. As an example Harrington points to his own card, which is blind embossed with “Terrapin” in its center, while his name and information are printed in offset.