Editor’s Note: While the devices in this buying guide represent a substantial listening upgrade over your smartphone, it’s important to remember that they’re still only one part of the listening chain. You’ll need high-quality source material as well as a good set of headphones to make the most of these devices. Finding the right match between headphones and DAPs requires a bit of research. As such, we’d recommend spending time with the knowledgable community at Head-fi.org to see if the setup you’re considering plays nicely together, as well as reading the detailed reviews and headphone matching comparisons at Headfonia.com and Headfonics.com

More than 10 years have passed since the original iPod upended the portable music world and eventually spawned its own demise in the form of the iPhone. Along the way, almost every element of mobile technology has been systematically improved by leaps and bounds except for one notable hole wide enough to fly an A-10 “Warthog” through: support for high-quality audio.

It’s taken some time, but the lack of attention on the part of major tech manufacturers hasn’t gone unnoticed. Artist Neil Young recently seized the opportunity to spark an internet revolution that generated over $6 million in just seven days. His goal? To create the latest offering in a category of devices known as digital audio players or (DAPS). Young’s resulting Pono Player turned out to be a spectacular failure, but other niche companies have succeeded where he couldn’t. And now Sony’s finally decided to go after a piece of the action.

So how exactly are these devices different from the MP3 players of yore? Think of them like an iPod on steroids. They combine integrated storage, a digital transport, digital-to-analog conversions chips and a headphone amplifier into a portable hi-fi machine capable of replaying high-resolution audio tracks in all of their detailed glory. Here’s a look at the best portable hi-fi music players on the market today.

Additional contribution by Jeremy Fischer

Astell&Kern Kann

Most Versatile: Astell&Kern (previously known as iRiver, in the early MP3 player years) was one of the first companies to address the portable hi-fi music player market. The Kann falls in the middle of their lineup. It delivers great sound, and in many ways it’s like the Swiss Army Knife of DAPs; it has a vast number of inputs and outputs that make its large form-factor worth it, including SD and MicroSD card slots, 64 GB of internal storage, USB-C and Micro USB for fast charging, and 2.5mm and 3.5mm outputs; it also has a massive 6,200mAh battery (about 15 hours of listening), Bluetooth connectivity and TIDAL music streaming support. Plus, the Kann can play up to 32bit/382kHz files and uses a single AKM AK4490, a great-sounding DAC.

All these different features give the user a quality DAP that makes carrying a designated audio player well worth it. Since all you need are some SD cards to expand the storage to over a terabyte, the Kann is hard to fill up. With stellar battery life, features for every sort of hi-fi listener, and a modern look, the Kann is a DAP that is sure to satisfy any audiophile.

iBasso DX90

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Most Portable: A strong contingent in the audiophile community feel iBasso’s DX90 offers the best bang for the buck on the DAP market today, especially with recent price drops and a bevy of firmware updates. For less than $400 the device packs an impressive amount of firepower including dual mono ESS Sabre32 ES9018k2M chips built specifically for the mobile market that provide a neutral and expansive soundstage the competition can’t replicate.

The DX90 is one of the most portable form factors in the category, mirroring the same silhouette of the entry-level DX50. Battery life is comparably short, but the reliance on removable batteries originally made for the Samsung Galaxy S3 means it’s easy to stay powered up if you’re truly concerned. Burning it in also creates a tremendous improvement in the DX90’s audio quality according to user community at Head-fi.org. So make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and use the included burn-in cable for the best possible sound.

Fiio X3 2nd Generation

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Best Value: The latest member of the Fiio family is a major improvement over what was already a highly lauded device. Aesthetically, it looks like a metallic doppelgänger of the iPod Classic, complete with a physical click-wheel and a few extra buttons stuck on seemingly to avoid patent infringement.

Inside, a new Cirrus Logic CS4398 Dac chip provides 24-bit delivery with improved low pass filtering and jitter control, not to mention native support for DSD audio decoding — quite the feat at this price point. The new brains also improves power management, giving the X3 2nd Gen a respectable 11+ hours of playback time. Internal storage isn’t included, but a microSD card slot means up to 128GB can be added for now. Like other options on this list, buyers also have the flexibility to use the X3 as an external DAC for both digital and analog sources.

Whether it fully matches the brilliant sound qualities of the competing mid-range DX90 is a hot topic for debate. The inclusion of native DSD audio decoding on X3 2nd Gen does gives it a leg up in terms of future-proofing. Combined with a very approachable price point, this DAP’s value is second to none in the market today.

HiFiMAN HM-901

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Best for Tinkering: HiFiMAN was one of the early leaders in the DAP market and their HM-901 represents a significant step up in quality (and cost) compared to the other players mentioned so far. CNET’s legendary audio guru Steve Guttenberg went so far as to call it “easily the best-sounding portable music player on the planet” when he reviewed it last summer.”

Unlike other brands which offer DAPs as set packages of components for ease of use and performance, the internal amp module can be swapped out in HiFiMAN’s products, letting buyers tinker with their setup to find the best sonic match for a wide array of listening scenarios. Up to four amp options — standard, balanced, Minibox and a card for in-ear monitors — are available today.

Two highly admired and relatively pricey Sabre ES9018 32-bit DACs form the core of the 901’s audio chops, providing excellent jitter reduction and up to 192/24-bit decoding, along with DSD audio support. Amp card selection has a notable influence on the 901’s sound, though even the stock version is generally praised for its natural tonality and transparency. Upgrading to one of the other three options is still highly recommended for those after peak performance (Headfonics provides an excellent breakdown of the differences between the three if you’re curious).

Other important details include a low-gain/high-gain external switch, which makes it easy to select the right output settings when switching between in-ear and full-sized headphone options, and a high-end step attenuator for precise volume control. A balanced and normal playback mode switch similarly lets users connect headphones via either a four-pin plug or a standard three-pin mini-jack output. A sole microSD card slot is provided for storage.

Plastic construction and faux leather detailing on the casing are a few notable downsides, as well as thicker body and a lack of touch screen controls. The use of a proprietary port (versus USB) for file transfers in addition to a bulky power supply are another source of annoyance. Still, few DAPs can compete with the HM-901’s sound quality and ability to push even hard-to-drive headphones to their full potential at this price point, especially in the case of buyers choosing the right amp card to complement their listening preferences.

If you’re considering this pick, it’s worth noting that HiFiMAN has revealed a replacement to this device that’s scheduled to go on sale later this year. The new HM901s offer some notable improvements including a speedy 2-second start time, an all-metal body with an improved scroll wheel and UI among other upgrades. The HiFiMAN HM-802 is also a solid choice if you’d prefer spending a few Benjamins less.

Sony Walkman NWZ-ZX2

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Most Familiar Interface: The latest in a wave of statement hi-fi products from Sony doesn’t reach the same aural heights of other options on this list. What it does offer is the traditional conveniences you’re used to in a smartphone. It runs a version of Android Jelly Bean that most will feel familiar with. The addition of wi-fi also means it has the ability to run third-party music apps like Tidal, giving users access to a wide library of quality audio tracks that they wouldn’t have otherwise. Then there’s nice touches like its whopping 128GB storage with an option to add 64GB via microSD, plus an integrated lithium ion battery capable of over 30 hours of hi-res playback. But this isn’t just an overpriced iPod Touch. The weighty carved aluminum case contains Sony’s S-Master HX digital AMP that supports playback of virtually every hi-res formats including DSD and Bluetooth LDAC.

Unfortunately for Sony, reviewers, including the team at CNET, find the NWZ-ZX2 struggles with the kind of power-hungry headphones many audiophiles prefer. Its sound quality also isn’t as distanced as you would expect from Sony’s Sony Walkman NWZA17SLV 64, which costs significantly less.

Astell&Kern AK240

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Editor’s Note: Since the time of this article, Astell and Kern has announced a new flagship device dubbed the AK380. It’s significantly more expensive than the 240 with an MSRP of $3,400 and boasts several notable enhancements including 32bit/384kHz playback capabilities, plus a new DAC offering a “true Dual-Mono setup”. We’ll be sure to update this guide once we get sometime with the device, but it looks to be the new standard for those who care only about peak performance at all costs.

If Money Were No Object: The flagship model in A&K’s portfolio spares no expense in the pursuit of sonic fidelity. A total of two Cirrus Logic CS4398 DAC chips are onboard, allowing the device to play pretty much anything, including PCM up to 24/192, DSD64x and DSD128x thanks to an additional dedicated XMOS processor. 256GB of internal storage is included and can be expanded by an additional 128GB via microSD. Built-in wi-fi and Bluetooth support is another rare feature in this category that the AK240 uses to its advantage. Specifically, the connectivity allows the player to stream audio from home stereos using Bluetooth and computers using wi-fi without any noticeable drop-off in sound quality compared to playing tracks stored directly on the device. Dual jacks for balanced analog output as well as a traditional mini-stereo also are available to suit any set of headphones.

There’s no mistaking the duraluminum chassis and carbon fiber backplate of the AK240 for another device on this list either. Its two cut corners and slanted edges look like something born from Superman’s fortress of solitude. A 3.31-inch AMOLED screen combined with a best-in-class touch UI can’t compete with today’s modern smartphones, but still represent a step up in usability and looks for the market.

Sonically speaking, this goliath is in a class all its own. Its output is painstakingly faithful and dedicated to removing distractions such as distortion and noise so that music can speak for itself. Whether it’s worth the steep asking price, however, depends on your perspective. $2,400 for an integrated hi-fi system of this quality is an absolute steal in some ways. Then again, all of the other players on this list do a fine job of elevating your mobile listening experience to a level most devices can’t match.

If funds aren’t an issue, there’s no question the AK240 is the best of the DAPs on the market today. For the rest of us, the extra level of performance offered by this beast likely isn’t worth a $1,000 premium.

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