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The Complete Triumph Buying Guide: Every Model, Explained


June 28, 2019 Buying Guides By Photo by Triumph

Triumph Motorcycles is widely regarded to be one of the world’s oldest and most iconic motorcycle brands. Triumph began in 1902 by selling sewing machines and bicycles with an onboard motor; over the course of the 20th Century, the company solidified itself in the zeitgeist through racing, TV and film. While the company grew and flourished through the golden era of motorcycling in the 1950s through the 1970s, the company almost disappeared entirely the 1980s due to fiscal problems. Triumph resurfaced in the late Eighties under the ownership of British real estate magnate John Bloor, and has seen continued success since then.

Modern Triumph motorcycles are known for their retro style and heritage design while still incorporating modern technologies. Triumph also provides consumers with a collection of performance and adventure / touring motorcycles.

The company’s modern line of motorcycles pays homage to past model names and achievements in geographically iconic places relevant to the brand. For example, the Tiger nickname was the baseline name for Triumph’s 250cc, 350cc and 500cc bikes in the 1930s through the 1970s. It was a motorcycle coveted by owners, often modified for the track or hare scrambles on the weekends. But today, the Tiger moniker is reserved for Triumph’s capable and fun middleweight adventure bikes.

In 2019, Triumph’s family of motorcycles are fairly easy to delineate, as the British marquee only makes two types of engines that are featured across the 2019 model lineup. Each of those engines features a number of displacement options.

The first engine type is a parallel twin that comes in two displacements: 900cc and 1200cc. These engines are featured across the entire modern classic (cafe racer, scrambler, and cruiser) line up. The 900-cc variants include the moniker of “street” in their title, whereas the 1200-cc motorcycles get their own unique names (ex. Scrambler, Thruxton, Speedmaster, Bonneville Bobber.)

The second type of engine offered is a three-cylinder, or triple, in displacement of 765cc, 800cc, and 1200cc. These engines are found solely in Triumph’s sportbike (Street Triple and Speed Triple) and adventure bike (Tiger) models.

Naming System, Relevant Acronyms and Terms of Note:

800: 800-cc three-cylinder engine
765: 765-cc three-cylinder engine
1200: 1215-cc three-cylinder engine
Street: 900-cc parallel-twin engine or 765-cc three-cylinder engine
XC: “Cross Country.” Reserved for the Tiger 800 and Tiger Explorer 1200. The XC designation skews the model toward off-road riding including features like a larger front wheel, spoked rims, and slightly longer suspension travel.
XR: Road-focused designation for the Tiger adventure bike series. Includes features like more-proportionate front and rear wheels and cast rims.
XE: Extreme Enduro (heavily off-road focused). Reserved for the top of the line Scrambler 1200
HT: High Torque
DRL: Daytime Running Light. A bright LED accent light in the front headlamp assembly that makes riders more visible to surroundings drivers.
Torque Assist Clutch: Gives the clutch a lighter touch and feel to make the bike easier to ride, especially for longer periods of time, thus reducing rider fatigue.
Triumph Shift Assist: Allows for seamless up and down gear changes without the use of the clutch.
Scrambler: a road-going motorcycle with an upright standard riding position, modified or fitted with longer suspension travel, knobby style tires and a high exhaust pipe; designed for light-to-moderate off-road riding.
Cafe Racer: a road-going motorcycle stripped down for speed, with low-swept handlebars and a more aggressive riding position. Cafe racers can also employ a fairing for improved aerodynamics.

Naked Sport

Street Triple

The Triumph Street Triple is widely considered to be one of the best middleweight naked bikes on the market. With a newly developed 765-cc three-cylinder engine also used as the powerplant for Moto2, the Street Triple is more capable and fun to ride than ever. The Street Triple produces 121 horsepower and 58 pound-feet of torque and comes with a variety of riding modes, a TFT display, traction control, ABS, and Cornering ABS. The Street Triple is perfect for everyone from everyday commuters to track-day junkies.

  • Models: Street Triple S, Street Triple R, Street Triple RS
  • Engine: 765-cc liquid cooled, four-stroke, 12-valve, DOHC inline three-cylinder
  • Base Price: $9,900

Speed Triple

The Big Brother to the Street Triple, the Speed Triple gives riders a more powerful 1050-cc engine. which pumps out a voracious 147 horsepower and 86 pound-feet of torque. Styling for the 2019 Street Triple closely matches that of its younger sibling and features a beautiful TFT display, various ride modes, traction control, ABS, and Cornering ABS.

  • Models: Speed Triple S, Speed Triple RS
  • Engine: 1050-cc liquid cooled, four-stroke, 12-valve, DOHC inline three-cylinder
  • Base Price: $14,350

Modern Classics / Standards

Bonneville T100

The Bonneville T100 is a modern take on the iconic 1959 Triumph T100. It beautifully incorporates a sculpted Bonneville signature fuel tank, wire-spoked wheels, authentic peashooter silencer exhaust pipes, and two-tone paint scheme with hand-painted gold coach lines. At its heart is Triumph’s 900-cc High Torque (HT) engine that puts out 54 horsepower and 59 pound-feet of torque — making it perfect for commuting or weekend rides.

  • Models: Bonneville T100, Bonneville T100 Black
  • Engine: 900-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $10,450

Bonneville T120

The Bonneville T120 incorporates all of the same classic aesthetics of the 2019 Bonneville T100, but features Triumph’s larger-displacement 1200-cc parallel twin engine. This powerplant puts out 96 horsepower and 83 pound-feet of torque, and features ABS, traction control, throttle-by-wire, two riding modes, heated handgrips, and DRL. This bike looks so old school, expect people to stop you to ask how old it is.

  • Models: Bonneville T120, Bonneville T120 Black
  • Engine: 1200-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $11,850

Cafe Racers

Street Twin

The 2019 Triumph Street Twin is one of Triumph’s best-selling motorcycles; it has been embraced by new riders. It also happens to be the most popular among female riders, according to Triumph. Featuring Triumph’s 900-cc High Torque (HT) engine that puts out 54 horsepower and 59 pound-feet of torque, the Street Twin is considered Triumph’s basic, entry-level motorcycle. It comes packed with Brembo front brakes, traction control, ride modes, torque-assist clutch, TPMS, LED lighting and cast wheels.

  • Models: Street Twin
  • Engine: 900-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $9,300

Street Cup

The Triumph Street Cup is the baby brother to the iconic Thruxton The semi-aggressive riding position featuring dropped ace handlebars, a rear seat cowling, ride-by-wire, switchable traction control, ABS, torque-assist clutch, and optionable low seat height make the Street Cup nimble cafe racer. At its heart is Triumph’s 900-cc parallel twin that puts out 54 horsepower and 59 pound-feet of torque giving it enough get-up-and-go for every day commuting or spirited weekend canyon runs.

  • Models: Street Cup
  • Engine: 900-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $10,500

Speed Twin

The Triumph Speed Twin brings the modern custom style and ergonomics of Triumph’s Street Twin together with stunning finishes and detail, all the comfort and timeless DNA of the Bonneville T120, and the power and performance of the Thruxton R, thanks to its 96-horsepower, 83-pound-foot 1200-cc HT parallel twin engine. The Speed Twin additionally features switchable ABS and traction control, three riding modes, torque-assist clutch, LED lighting front and rear, USB charging, and spoked aluminum wheels. The Street Twin is one capable modern classic for those seeking power and comfort in a single, stunning package.

  • Models: Speed Twin
  • Engine: 1200-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $12,100

Thruxton

The Triumph Thruxton is the definitive cafe racer, featuring Triumph’s 1200-cc HT parallel twin putting out 96 horsepower and 83 pound-feet of torque, low swept clip-on style handlebars and rear set foot pegs. Additionally, the Thruxton features switchable ABS and traction control, three riding modes, torque-assist clutch, LED lighting front and rear, USB charging, and spoked aluminum wheels. If you are a performance junkie and need only the very best, opt for the Thruxton R, which comes spec with twin floating Brembo monobloc calipers, a Brembo master cylinder, race-bred adjustable Showa big piston forks, fully adjustable Öhlins twin rear shocks and Pirelli Diablo Rosso Corsa tires.

  • Models: Thruxton, Thruxton R
  • Engine: 1200-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $13,000

Scrambler

Street Scrambler

The Triumph Street Scrambler has been designed to deliver purposeful power while incorporating beautiful Scrambler style. Powered by the 900-cc HT parallel twin engine producing 54 horsepower and 59 pound-feet of torque, the Street Scrambler features a 19-inch front wheel, interchangeable pillion seat and aluminum rear rack, removable pillion pegs, adventure style front pegs, bash plate, wide handlebars and a low seat height option.

  • Models: Street Scrambler
  • Engine: 900-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $11,000

Scrambler 1200

The Triumph Scrambler 1200 is the brand’s first truly off-road-focused modern classic motorcycle. Featuring the 1200-cc HT engine that puts out 96 hp and 83 pound-feet of torque, it comes with a fully adjustable suspension front and rear with a travel of more than nine inches, a 21-inch front wheel, various riding modes (including a dedicated off-road one), Brembo brakes, spoked tubeless wheels, GoPro integration, Bluetooth connectivity and turn-by-turn directions. The Scrambler 1200 is as capable off-road as it is tackling the highway.

  • Models: Scrambler 1200 XC, Scrambler 1200 XE
  • Engine: 1200-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $14,000

Cruisers

Speedmaster

The Triumph Speedmaster harnesses the power of the 1200-cc HT engine producing 76 horsepower and 82 pound-feet of torque. The Speedmaster provides riders with laid-back riding ergonomics such as forward footpegs, swept-back beach bars, and comfortable pillion capability, all while delivering a distinctive cruiser experience with timeless sophisticated style. With over 130 accessories for customization and comfort, the Speedmaster is ready for long road trips no matter your whims.

  • Models: Speedmaster
  • Engine: 1200-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $13,150

Bonneville Bobber

The Bonneville Bobber is a stripped-down cruiser more akin to a custom bike than a production motorcycle. With an iconic, unique adjustable floating single saddle and Triumph’s 1200cc HT parallel twin producing 76 horsepower and 83 pound-feet of torque, the Bobber is a distinctive modern motorcycle with classic roots. The Bobber also incorporates switchable ABS and traction control, two riding modes, ride-by-wire, cruise control, torque-assist clutch and LED lighting front and rear.

  • Models: Bonneville Bobber, Bonneville Bobber Black
  • Engine: 1200-cc liquid-cooled, eight-valve, SOHC, 270° crank angle parallel twin
  • Base Price: $11,950

Adventure Motorcycles

Tiger 800

Whether your focus is off-road or on-road adventure, the Tiger 800 will tackle it with ease. At the heart of the Tiger 800 is Triumph’s 800-cc inline three-cylinder engine that makes 94 horsepower and 58 pound-feet of torque. It’s packed with a number of features including a full-color TFT display, ride-by-wire, various ride modes, cruise control, heated handgrips, Brembo front brakes, adjustable Showa (XR) or WP suspension (XC) front and rear. From long distance touring to off-road adventure to everyday commuting, the Tiger 800 range does it all.

  • Models: Tiger 800 XCx, Tiger 800 XCa, Tiger 800 XR, Tiger 800 XRx, Tiger 800 XR Low, Tiger 800 XRt
  • Engine: 800-cc liquid-cooled, 12-valve, DOHC, inline three-cylinder
  • Base Price: $12,000

Tiger 1200

The Tiger 1200 is a capable large-displacement adventure motorcycle. At the heart of the Tiger 1200 is Triumph’s 1215-cc inline three-cylinder engine, which makes 139 horsepower and 90 pound-feet of torque. The bike comes packed with a number of features, including a full-color TFT display, Triumph Shift Assist, Brembo front brakes, adjustable Showa suspension, six riding modes, cruise control, heated handgrips, keyless ignition, and more. And, when it comes to building out your Tiger 1200, Triumph offers a variety of packages to personalize it for even the most discerning riders.

  • Models: Tiger 1200 XC, Tiger 1200 XCa, Tiger 1200 XR, Tiger 1200 XRx, Tiger 1200 XRx Low, Tiger 1200 XRt
  • Engine: 1215-cc liquid-cooled, 12-valve, DOHC, inline three-cylinder
  • Base Price: $16,500
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